Kenshinkai - Yoshinkan Aikido UK - Martial Art (Portsmouth, Fareham, Llandrindod Wells) - Header
Kenshinkai - Yoshinkan Aikido UK - Martial Art (Portsmouth, Fareham, Llandrindod Wells)

Aikido Glossary

 
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Ai - Harmony; Unification

Ai-hanmi - Same posture

Aiki - Blended or matched ki

Aiki jo - Staff or stick used in aikido

Aiki ken - Sword techniques

Aiki taiso - Aiki exercises

Aikido - The way of harmony of the spirit

Aikido kyogi - Competition aikido

Aite - Partner; Opponent

Ashi - Foot; Leg

Ashi sabaki - Footwork

Ashigaru - Samurai of lowest rank

Atemi - Strike; Blow

Awase - Blend; Combine

Ayumiashi - Normal, ordinary walking

B

Bajutsu - Horsemanship

Batto (1) - Sword-drawing

Batto (2) - Drawn sword, naked blade

Battojutsu - Art of sword drawing using a single cutting motion

Bo - Stick, 6ft staff

Bojutsu - Bo techniques

Bokken (Bokuto) - Wooden sword

Bu - Martial ardour/spirit

Budo - Martial way

Budoka - Martial art practitioner, martial artist

Bugei - Military arts

Bugeisha - Warrior, master of martial arts

Bujin - Military man, soldier

Bujutsu - Martial technique

Bukiwaza - Weapons techniques

Bushi - Samurai; Warrior

Bushido - Way of the warrior

C

Chudan kamae - Middle stance

D

Dame - Wrong; Bad

Dan - Grade; Rank

Deshi - Disciple or trainee

Do - Way; Path

Dogi - Practice uniform

Dojo - Training hall

Dojo-cho - Director of the dojo

Doka - Songs of the way

Doshu - Grandmaster

E

Eda - Short Stick

Eri - Collar

Eri dori - Collar grab

F

Fuchi - Metal sleeve at the base of the handle of a katana

Fudo no shisei - Immovable posture

G

Gaeshi - Outward turning movement or counter

Gedan - Lower area of the body

Gedan gaeshi - Circular jo movement, aimed at lower part of uke's body

Gedan tsuki - Jo thrust aimed at lower part of uke's body

Gi - Training suit

Gokyo - 5th pinning control

Godan - Fifth degree black belt

Goshi (Koshi) - Hip

Goshin-jutsu - Self-defense techniques

Gyaku - Opposite

Gyaku hanmi - Opposite posture

H

Habaki - Collar around the blade of a katana

Hachi no ji - Jo movement based on the Japanese character for eight

Hachidan - Eighth degree black belt

Hai - Yes

Hakama - Pleated skirt

Hanbo - Stick, 3ft staff

Hanmi - Standing posture

Hanmi hantachi - One sitting, one standing

Hanshi - Sword master of high rank

Happo giri - Eight direction cut

Hara - Stomach, centre

Harai (Barai) - Sweep

Hassogaeshi - Moving from basic posture to 'hasso no kamae'

Hasso no kamae - Posture with ken or jo verticle at the right shoulder

Henka waza - Variation (technique)

Henke - Blending

Hidari - Left

Hidari hanmi - Left posture

Hiji - Elbow

Hiji jime (Shime) - Elbow lock

Hiriki - Elbow power

Hito e mi - Making the posture small

Ho - Direction

Hombu dojo - Headquarters

I

Iai - Swordplay

Iaido - Modern art of drawing the sword from its scabbard

Ichigeki issatsu - One blow, one kill

Ikkajo (Ikkyo) - 1st control

Ippan geiko - General training

Irimi - Entering (movement)

Iro obi - Coloured belt

J

Jo - Stick, 4ft staff

Jodan - Upper area of body

Jodan no kamae - Upper stance

Jodan gaeshi - Circular jo strike to upper part of uke's body

Jodo - The art of the jo

Joseki - Place where honoured guest is seated in the dojo

Jotori - Staff taking (defense against jo attacks)

Ju no ri - Principle of gentleness

Judan - Tenth degree black belt

Juji garami - Cross-entangling method

Juji nage - Crossed arms throw

Juken - Bayonet

Jumbi taiso - Warm-up exercises

K

Kaeshi waza - Counter technique

Kai - Association

Kaiten - Open and turn

Kaiten nage - Rotary throw

Kakutogi - Combative art

Kamae - Posture

Kamae No Rei - Stepping out of kamae

Kami - Deity, divine being

Kamigakari - Divinely inspired person

Kangeiko - Mid-winter training

Kansetsu - Joint

Kansetsu waza - Joint techniques

Kansha - Gratitude

Kata (1) - Shoulder

Kata (2) - Form

Kata dori - Shoulder grab

Katame waza - Immobilization technique

Katana - Long curved steel sword used by the Samurai warriors

Katate - One-hand

Katate dori - One-hand grab

Kata tori - Shoulder grab

Katasujinken - Life-giving sword

Keiko - Practice; Training

Keikogi - Training uniform

Ken (1) - Sword

Ken (2) - Firm, strong

Ken no kamae - Posture when holding sword of bokken ready

Kenjutsu - Combative sword arts or techniques

Keppan - Blood oath

Ki - Spirit; Mind; Heart; Energy

Kiotsuke - To stand to attention

Ki no musubi - Uniting your ki with that of your opponent

Ki no nagare - Ki, or energy flow

Kiai - Combative shout, or yell

Kihon doza - Basic movements

Kihon waza - Basic technique

Kiritsu - To stand up

Kobudo - Traditional or pre-Meiji martial ways

Kobujutsu - Traditional martial arts

Kogeki - Attack

Kohai - Junior

Kokoro - Spirit; Heart

Kokyu - Breath power

Kokyu ho - Breath meditation

Kokyu nage - Throwing with breath power

Kokyuryoku - Breath power

Koshi nage - Hip throw

Kote - Wrist

Kote gaeshi - Outward wrist twist

Kotehineri - Wrist twist

Kotemawashi - Wrist turn

Kubi - Neck

Kubishime - Choke

Kuden - Oral teaching

Kumi jo - Partner exercises with the sword

Kyoju dairi - Teaching assistant

Kyu - Class; Grade

Kyudan - Ninth degree black belt

Kyudo - The art of Japanese archery

M

Maai - Distance

Mae - Front or forward

Marui - Circular

Masakatsu agatsu - Correct victory, victory over self

Men - Head

Menkyo - Teaching license

Menkyo kaiden - Certificate of advanced proficiency

Menuchi - Head strike

Metsubushi - 'Smashing the eyes'

Metsuke - Eye-to-eye contact without focusing on a single point

Michi - Way; Path

Migi - Right

Migi hanmi - Right posture

Misogi - Purification, ablution

Mochi - Grip

Mokuroku - Catalogue or list

Mune - Chest

Morote dori - Two-hand grab

Munadori - Chest hold

Musha shugyo - Knight errantry

Mushin mugamae - Empty or open mind/stance

Musubi - Knot; Tie

N

Nagare - Flowing

Nage - Throw; Projection

Naginata - Halberd, traditional weapon sometimes as long as 10 feet

Nanadan - Seventh degree black belt

Niban - Leading from one into another

Nidan - Second degree black belt

Nikajo (Nikyo) - 2nd control

O

Omote - Front

O Sensei - Great teacher (Morihei Ueshiba)

Obi - Belt

Oi - Centre; Abdomen

Omote - Moving forwards

Orenai te - Unbendable arm

Osae - Control

Oyo waza - Applied techniques

Oyo - Turn

R

Randori - Rough grabbing, refers to free-style practise

Rei - Bow

Renshu - Practice; Training

Renzoku - Continuous

Rikaku taisei - Techniques used when standing apart form uke

Rokudan - Sixth degree black belt

Ryokata dori - Two-shoulder grab

Ryote dori - Two-handed grab

Ryote - Two-hands

Ryu - Style; School

S

Sabaki - Movement

Samurai - Warrior

Sandan - Third degree black belt

Sankajo (Sankyo) - 3rd control

Sankaku - Triangle

Satori - Spiritual awakening or realization

Satsujinken - Killing sword

Seika tanden - Central point of stomach, slightly below the navel

Seiza - Formal sitting position

Seiza ho - Moving into a formal sitting position

Sempai - Senior

Sensei - Instructor

Seppuku - Ritual suicide by self-disembowelment

Shiai - Contest; Match

Shibucho - Branch director

Shichidan - Seventh degree black belt

Shidoin - Instructor

Shihan - Master instructor

Shiho - Four direction

Shiho giri - Four direction cut with the sword

Shiho nage - Four direction throw

Shikko - Knee walking

Shimozo - Lower seat of the dojo

Shin - Heart, mind, spirit

Shisei - Posture

Shizentai - Natural posture or stance

Shodan - First degree black belt

Shomen - Front

Shomenuchi - Strike to the front of the head

Shumatsu dosa - Fixing movements

Sode - Sleeve

Sode dori - Sleeve grab

Sokumen - Side

Soto - Outside

Suburi - Solo practice of individual jo or bokken movements

Sumi - Corner

Sumitoshi - Corner drop

Suri ashi - Gliding the feet

Suwari waza - Sitting techniques

T

Tachi - Sword

Tachi dori - Sword taking

Tachi waza - Standing techniques

Tai - Body

Tai jutsu - Body techniques performed without weapons

Tai no henko - Body change or shift

Taiho-jutsu - Arrest techniques

Taisabaki - Body turning movement

Tanbo - Staff, 18inch stick

Tanken - Short sword

Tanren uchi - Bokken practise for developing the centre

Tanto - Knife

Tatami - Straw mat made from bamboo

Te - Hand

Tegatana - Hand blade

Tekubi - Wrist

Tenchi nage - Heaven and earth throw

Tenkai - Stepping move with turn

Tenkan - Turning move with step

Toma - At a great distance

Tori - One who applies the technique

Tsugiashi - Literally, following steps

Tsuki - Punch; Thrust

Tsuki no kamae - Posture holding the jo at readiness to thrust

U

Uchi - Strike; Blow

Uchi deshi - Inner disciple

Uchi komi - Stepping forwards and striking

Uchi mawari - To step inside your partners arm

Ude - Arm

Uke - One who receives the technique

Ukemi - Breakfall

Ura - Back; Reverse

Ura sankaku - Back triangular stance

Ushiro - Rear; Behind

Ushiro waza - Techniques applied when attacked from behind

W

Waza - Technique

Y

Yari - Spear

Yodan - Fourth degree black belt

Yoko - Side

Yokomen - Side of the head

Yokomenuchi - Strike to the side of the head

Yondan - Fourth degree black belt

Yonkajo (Yonkyo) - 4th control

Yudansha - Blackbelt holder

Z

Zanshin - Awareness; Unbroken spirit

Zarei - Kneeling bow


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